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Chandrayaan 2 : What Can India Achieve ?

Chandrayaan 2 : What Can India Achieve ?

Chandrayaan 2 the Journey of Moon Mission

Journey of Chandrayaan-2
Journey of Chandrayaan-2

Indian space mission Chandrayaan 2 was successfully entered in the orbit of the Moon on Tuesday morning after leaving from Earth's orbit.

The Indian space agency ISRO has issued a statement saying that after this complex operation, the Chandrayaan 2 spacecraft will be put into a final orbit above the poles of the moon, where it will be 100 kilometers from the lunar surface.

By tweeting from its official Twitter account, ISRO has told that Chandrayaan 2 will land on the south pole of the moon on 7 September.

Chandrayaan 2 has reached the moon's orbit by covering a distance of three lakh 84 thousand kilometers. This was a very complicated operation for Chandrayaan 2.

Before landing, it was very important to achieve success in the lunar capture mission of Chandrayaan 2 because even a slight omission could pose a big risk.

If the speed of Chandrayaan 2 was low, the Moon's gravitational force would pull the vehicle towards it with full force and in such a situation Chandrayaan 2 could smash into the surface of the moon.  

After the success of the lunar capture mission, it will be a big challenge to land Chandrayaan 2 on the lunar surface.

Scientist Bagla says that if this mission is successful, then Chandrayaan 2 will be taken to many more orbits of the moon. Rockets will be fired in this.

Then gradually orbit of Chandrayaan 2 will be 100 kilometers. After this, the orbit will be 20 kilometers. After this, the lunar lander will be removed from the Chandrayaan 2 spacecraft vehicle and left towards the lunar surface.

But before ISRO, other space agencies of the world have also carried out this Chandrayaan 2 mission.

India's growing ambition in space beyond the moon

Chandrayaan 2 : Landing site
Chandrayaan 2 : Landing site

In July 22 At 2.43 pm on Monday, Chandrayaan 2's journey began. The mission was delayed by a week due to a leak in the engine of the GSLV-Mk III rocket. Chandrayaan 2 was taken to space by this rocket.

When Chandrayaan 2 started its journey with the GSLV-Mk III rocket from Sriharikota, an island in the Bay of Bengal, it also proved India's growing ambition in space beyond the moon..

Chandrayaan 2 is India's second mission to the moon. India is sending its mission to the moon when the 50th anniversary of Apollo 11's Moon mission is being celebrated.

India's Chandrayaan 2 will land on the unfamiliar south pole of the moon on 7th of September. Scientists say that this area of ​​the moon is quite complex. According to scientists, water and fossils can be found here.

Chaitanya Giri, a researcher at the 'Space and Ocean Studies' program at Gateway House, a Mumbai-based think tank, told the Washington Post, "A spacecraft will land for the first time at the south pole of the moon with  the lander is named Vikram in this mission and the rover's name is Pragyan. Vikram is named after the first head of India's space program Vikram Sarabhai."

Chandrayaan 2: Lander and Rover
Chandrayaan 2: Lander and Rover

The Lander is the one through which Chandrayaan 2 will reach, and the Rover means the vehicle that will understand the things there after reaching the moon. Meaning the lander will arrive with the rover.

ISRO says that if this Chandrayaan 2 mission is successful, then understanding about the moon will increase and it will be in favor of the entire humanity with India.

ISRO chief Kailasvadivoo Sivan has told that the 15-minute time while landing for Vikram is too complex and ISRO has never carried out such a complex Chandrayaan 2 mission.

India had earlier launched Chandrayaan-1 in 2008.  It also turned out in search of water on the moon. India started the space program in the 1960s and it is high on the agenda of the current Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

By 2022, India is working on a plan to send an astronaut to the moon. Mark Wittington, who has written a book on astronomy, told "India has started making decisions and it will emerge as a major force in space." India realizes that the time has come to increase many programs in space.

There is also criticism of India's space program whether a developing country should spend the country's resources on a space program where millions of people are struggling with hunger and poverty.

Vikram Sarabhai is called the Father of India's space program and in response to these criticisms, he said, "The space program has a meaningful contribution to the betterment of India and the Indian peoples." Now India should use technology to solve the problems of society and peoples.

India's first Mars satellite cost less than the cost of film on space science Gravity.  The cost of Chandrayaan-2 is $ 141 million, which is less than the cost of Apollo program of US $ 25 billion.

Chandrayaan-2 of India is the first attempt to land on the moon surface. Earlier, Russia, USA and China have done this work. This four-ton spacecraft has a lunar orbiter. It also has a lander and a rover.

Chandrayaan 2: Closer to Moon
Chandrayaan 2: Closer to Moon

Search is going on around the world with the moon. When Chandrayaan-1 was launched in 2008, it confirmed that there is water on the moon but could not land on the moon's surface. After Chandrayaan-2, India is working on a plan to send an astronaut to the moon in 2022.

ISRO has said on Chandrayaan 2, "We will try to find minerals like magnesium, calcium and iron in them by looking at the rocks there." Along with this, you will also look for signs of water there and will also examine the outer layer of the moon.

The part orbiter and lander of Chandrayaan-2 will contact Earth directly, but the rover will not be able to communicate directly. This is India's second mission to the moon in 10 years.

Chandrayaan-2 is being sent to pursue  Chandrayaan-1' s  discoveries

Chandrayaan 1: Help Nasa to Confirm Water
Chandrayaan 1: Help Nasa to Confirm Water

Chandrayaan-1 was India's first mission to the moon. This mission was about a year (October 2008 to September 2009). Chandrayaan-1 was sent into space from Satish Dhawan Space Center in Sriharikota on 22 October 2008.

It reached the moon on November 8, 2008. This Chandrayaan-1 spent 312 days in the lunar orbit. The ISRO chairman G Madhavan Nair expressed satisfaction with the Chandrayaan-1 mission.

He had told that Chandrayaan-1 had to go to the moon's chamber, install some machinery.  The flag of India was to be flagged and the figures had to be sent and Chandrayaan-1 has almost completed all of this work.

Chandrayaan-2 is being sent to pursue Chandrayaan-1's discoveries. Following the evidence of Chandrayaan-1's discovered water molecules, further study of the extent of the distribution of water molecules on the lunar surface, below the surface and in the external atmosphere needs to be studied.

Why landing on southern Pole itself?

Chandrayaan 2: Why landing on Southern Pole
Chandrayaan 2: Why landing on Southern Pole

One may ask why Chandrayaan 2 is being landed near the South Pole of the Moon even when there is a risk and why these poles have become important for missions going to the Moon.

Actually, the southern pole of the Moon is an area that has not been investigated yet. There is a possibility of getting something new here. Most of this area remains in the shade and due to the absence of sun rays, it is very cold here.

Scientists estimated that there may be a possibility of having water and minerals in these areas which are always under shade. This has also been confirmed in some recent orbit missions.

The presence of water can be beneficial for the presence of humans in the future on the southern axis of the moon. The surface investigation here can also help in understanding the formation of the planet more deeply. Also, the potential of its use as a resource for future missions can be known.

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