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Latest Environment News : Make the Country Free From Single Use Plastic.

Latest Environment News : Make the Country Free From Single Use Plastic.


Let's Make Plastic Free India
Let's Make Plastic Free India

26 thousand tons of plastic waste coming out in the country daily.

  • Prime Minister Sri Narendra Modi, in his speech on Independence Day, appealed to Stop Using single use plastic.
  • Three experts associated with the Plastic Manufacturers Association, the Central Government and the Center for Science and Environment, told the Bhaskar APP its nuances.
  • According to Environment Expert NP Shukla, burning plastic at 600 degree temperature can give us fuel.
  • Every Indian uses an average of 11 kilo plastics a year, the annual consumption of plastics in the country is more than 17.7 million tons.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi in his speech from Red Fort on Independence Day called for making the country free from single use plastic. He had said that this campaign should start from the day of Gandhi Jayanti on 2 October. Single-use plastic is one that can be used only once. But experts point out that when plastic is being used indiscriminately from foil to airplane, it seems impossible to define and ban the definition of single-use plastic. The government should focus on plastic waste management, so that we can make it an alternative fuel for coal. On this issue, Bhaskar App spoke to Hiten Bheda, Former Chairman of All India Plastic Manufacturers Association, Dinesh Raj Bandela, deputy program manager of the Center for Science and Environment and NP Shukla, an environmental expert associated with the central government.

What is single use plastic?


What is Single use plastic
What is Single use plastic

Hiten Bhera, Former Chairman of the All India Plastics Manufacturers Association and currently a member of the Association's Environmental Committee, states that there is no official definition of single-use plastics in India. It is also not decided which items will come under the scope of single use plastic. Its definition is fixed in Europe. According to this, such things made of plastic, which we can only use or throw away once and which cause harm to the environment, is called single use plastic.

Dinesh Raj Bandela, deputy program manager at the Center for Science and Environment (CSE) Environmental Governance, explains that the plastic is made from petrochemicals. Single use plastics can be made of any kind of polymer (HDPE, LDPE, PP, PS, PET).  It is used in the packaging of chips packets, making bottles, straws, thermocol plates and glasses.

About 26 thousand tons of plastic waste are being released daily in the country, only 60% can be recycled.


26 thousand of plastic waste dump daily
26 thousand of plastic waste dump daily

The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) survey conducted in 60 big cities of the country revealed that 4,059 tonnes of plastic waste is released daily from the cities. It was estimated on this basis that 25,940 tonnes of plastic waste is released daily from all over the country. Out of this, only 60% i.e 15,384 tonnes of plastic waste is collected or recycled. The rest goes into the sea through the river drains or it is eaten by animals.


More than 1.5 lakh tonnes of plastic waste comes from abroad


More than 1.5 lakh ton Plastic come from abroad
More than 1.5 lakh ton Plastic come from abroad

More than 1.5 lakh tonnes of plastic waste comes to India from abroad every year. In 2016-17, 1.55 lakh tonnes of plastic waste came from abroad. At the same time, 1.81 lakh tonnes of plastic waste were imported in 2017-18 and 2.18 lakh tonnes in 2018-19. By April this year, 19,305 tonnes of garbage has come from abroad. Hiten, who is associated with the All India Plastic Manufacturers Association, says that there are many recycling units across the country. There are also 60 to 80 places where plastic recycling is done unofficially. 2% to 5% of plastic waste is not recycled. It is because of this that there is harm to the environment. Most people fill the remaining food in plastic bags and throw it away. This makes them difficult to collect. If this waste is collected, then the environment can be saved.

Can make fuel from plastic, it can be used instead of coal

N P Shukla, an Environmental expert associated with the Central Government, says that we should walk on the "West to Wealth". We can make fuel through plastic. When polyethylene is lit at temperatures above 600 degrees, fuel can be extracted from it. Burning at temperatures below 600 degrees releases dioxins and furan gases, which are very dangerous.

The flammability of polyethylene is 3 times that of coal. 1 kg of polyethylene can save 3 kg of coal. It can be used in cement factories, because the temperature of the cement furnaces is 800 ° C. If we replace 1% coal with plastic, then the environment will benefit a lot. We can also use plastic to make roads. For this, non-recyclable plastics can be sent to the cement industry or energy plant for processing, where they can be put to proper use.

Plastic releases methane gas which is 30 times more dangerous than Co2.

Dinesh Raj Bandela of CSE says that single-use plastic cannot be disposed of properly. Because of this it remains lying on the ground or dumpsite. There it meets the biodegradable waste and releases methane gas. Methane is 30 times more harmful than carbon dioxide. Methane is largely responsible for climate change.

Laws regarding the use of plastic bags in India, why are they still used?


Say No To Plastic
Say No To Plastic
There is a ban on the production, import, storage, sale and transport of plastics of less than 50 micron thickness in the country. Even after this they are used indiscriminately. In this regard, N P ShuklaFormer Chairman of the Madhya Pradesh Pollution Control Board and currently an Environmental expert in the Central Government, says that plastic carry-bags (polythene) are completely banned in many states, but polythene is so ingrained in our lifestyle. That people do not stop using it even if they want too.

Hiten says that the largest section of India's population is middle class. They are purchased on a day-to-day basis. This increases the demand for plastic bags, as it is also cheaper and it makes it easier to carry goods. Paper or cloth bags can be used instead of polyethylene, but much more carbon footprint is used to make polyethylene than it is to make paper or cloth bags. Therefore, these options are also not suitable for the Environment.

Every Indian uses 11 kg of plastic annually.

A FICCI report in February 2017 said that every person in India uses 11 kg of plastic annually. It is used 10 times more in the US. Every person there uses 109 kg of plastic annually. Due to the large population of India, about 5.5 lakh tonnes of plastic gets into the sea through river channels. According to the 2017 report of Nature Communication, annually 1.10 lakh tonnes of plastic waste flows from the Ganges to the Bay of Bengal. According to an estimate, 8 million tonnes of plastic goes into the sea annually. If it is not controlled, by 2050 there will be more plastic than fish in the sea.

Impossible to ban plastic bags or polyethylene


Use Carry bags.
Use Carry bags.

Hiten, who is associated with the Plastic Manufacturers Association, says that the country consumes more than 17.7 million tonnes of plastic annually. 7-10% of this is used in packaging. Now no other method of packaging can be devised. However, where we do not need plastic, we can stop using it. For example, instead of eating with a plastic spoon, eat food with a steel spoon. Or, where plastic is not required, look for another option. The damage to the environment is due to lack of plastic management.

Environmental expert N P Shukla also says the same thing. According to him, everything is made of plastic, from foil to airplane. Therefore, it is impossible to ban plastic. We can ban polyethylene, but even then we should focus on its management. The ban does not remain in effect, so the use of plastic continues. We need to manage plastic waste because plastic disposable is a big problem. If we manage it properly, we can save the environment.

The Government should formulate a policy that can properly manage plastic waste

Refuse Single Use  plastic
Refuse Single Use  plastic

Hiten Bheda says that the Prime Minister has raised the right issue but there is a need for a policy that does not harm anyone. He says that the Government should understand the needs of industry and society and make a policy accordingly. If they feel that this plastic is harming the environment, then put it in the single use plastic category and ban its production. Millions of people work in the plastics industry and if it is banned, then these people will lose their jobs. Therefore, a policy should be made in which all aspects are taken into consideration.




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