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Latest Technology : What is the Internet of Things (IoT)?

Latest Technology : What is the Internet of Things (IoT)?


Internet of Things (IoT)
Internet of Things (IoT)

Internet of Things (IoT) :

Computers and Internet are things that everyone must have heard about and they must have been used at some point or the other. At the same time, many kinds of things are connected with computer and internet, which we use but we do not know about them. A lot of things are being created in the field of technology, due to which new types of technology are coming in the market and one of these technologies is 'Internet of Things'. This word is being mentioned in many places.  But do you know what the Internet of Things means, what is the Internet of Things and how do they work? 

Full form of IoT 

The full name of IoT is Internet of Things. At many places, you will find IoT written instead of Internet of things. The term was first used by Kevin Ashton and he stated that it is a system where the Internet can be connected to the physical world through universal sensors.

What is the Internet of Things?


Internet of Things
Internet of Things 

A variety of Technologies and Devices can be linked together through the Internet of Things. The Internet of Things is a major breakthrough in the development of Networking. This Internet of Things Technology is used to connect all Gadgets and Electronic devices through the Internet. All the smart devices connected with the help of this Internet of Things Technology send data to each other and can receive data from each other. These work again on the basis of the data sent to each other. At the same time, this Internet of Things Technology is very successful in today's time and is becoming very important for the people. In the coming times, with the help of this Technology, our lives will become very easy. With the help of this, you can link any one device or device with internet and get other devices to do any work according to you.

At the same time, the example given below will help you understand this Internet of Things technique more easily. If a person wants to have the AC of his room turned on before reaching his home and he gets his room very cold as soon as he reaches home, through the Internet of Things it can be possible. On the other hand, if your AC is left on leaving the house, with the help of  Internet of Things (IoT), you can also close it.

Any person can connect multiple devices in their home with the help of internet at once and turn them on or off from anywhere. Similarly, if there is any defect in your car, then its information will go to the company making that vehicle with the help of this Internet of Things technology. After which your car company will give you information about the malfunction in your car. However, you can take advantage of this Internet of Things technology only when these devices are connected with your mobile or device's IP address.

Internet of Things (IoT) Applications:


What is Smart House?


 Smart House
 Smart House

Smart homes are a part of Internet of Things and you must have heard about smart homes. Actually smart home is called those houses where all the home appliances are connected with internet. These devices control the heating, AC, doors of the house with the help of sensors. Suppose if you are not at home and you have left any door of the house open. If the sensor is installed on that door then it will automatically close after some time. With the help of  Internet of Things, you will get information about this thing through your Smartphone.

What is Wearable Technology?


Wearable Technology
Wearable Technology

Inside the wearable are the things you can wear. Such as Smart Watch, Smart Shoes and more. All these things come under Internet of Things. At the same time, you must have heard about many types of Smart Watches. Such as an Apple company's Smart Watch. With the help of these Watches you can do many things, such as this watch can give you information about your Health, you can send emails anywhere while doing workouts by connecting these Watches to your Smartphone. That is, you do not have to look at your Smartphone again and again while doing workouts.

Internet of Things Devices 


Internet of Things Devices
Internet of Things Devices 

Many types of Internet of Things devices are being made and sold by many well-known companies in the market. Amazon Echo, Fitbit One, Astrum AL 150 lock, Apple Smart Watch and etc. devices fall under their category. The devices mentioned above perform different types of tasks. For example, through Amazon Echo, you can play songs, know weather information or book a taxi. At the same time, through Fitbit One, you can know how much you have gone. How many calories have you spent?  Not only this, how long have you slept. Apart from this, this device keeps making periodic data of your health through internet and keeps you informed about the progress you have made.

At the same time, the Astrum AL 150 Lock - Security is a Bluetooth based lock.  This lock supports Android and iOS devices. You can easily connect it with other gadgets in the house. And you can lock things with the help of Internet of Things from your Smartphone.

Future of Internet of Things


Future of Internet of Things
Future of Internet of Things

At present, around 1200 million devices worldwide come under Internet of Things.  At the same time, it is believed that in Future this number will increase by 26 times. In addition, the global market value of Internet of Things (IoT) will reach $ 7 trillion by 2020. At the same time, it can be easily guessed from how much demand this Technology is going to have in the coming time.

Internet of Things Advantages 


Internet of Things Advantages
Internet of Things Advantages 

Everything can be done easily through Internet of Things. At the same time, the standard of living of the people through the Internet of Things will also increase in the Future. With the help of this Internet of Things technique, you can easily do many tasks at once. If you are away from your office or home, then you can easily get information there with the help of smart devices.

Internet of Things Disadvantages


The biggest disadvantage associated with Internet of Things is about security. In today's era, many questions arise about the safety of the Internet. In such a situation, because of connecting everything to the Internet, there will be a threat to their safety. At the present, this Internet of Things Technology can also become a threat to people's jobs in the future.

Which companies make these devices (top internet of things companies)


These smart devices are made by many well-known companies. IBM company ranks first in the list of these companies. Other companies that are involved in Internet of Things (IoT) are as follows - Google, Intel, Microsoft, Apple, Cisco and Samsung.

Internet of Things Projects in India

Smart cities
Smart cities

It is estimated that India will gain a 20% share of the Internet of Things (IoT ) market Globally in the next five years. At the present, many types of schemes have been started in the country by the Government of India, which have been started with respect to Internet of Things (IoT ). And one of these schemes is named Smart City Scheme. The Government of India has invested about Rs 7,060 crore on this scheme. Under this scheme, the Government of India wants to achieve the goals like Smart Parking, Smart Urban Lighting, Smart City maintenance, Civil Security, Smart Grid, Smart Energy, Water management in urban areas. Apart from this, the state of Andhra Pradesh is also planned to become an Internet of Things (IoT) hub by 2020. Due to which 50,000 jobs are expected to be created in the Internet of Things (IoT ) sector. At the same time, it can be inferred from all these schemes that India also does not want to lag behind in the field of Internet of Things (IoT ) in any way. The Indian Government also wants to keep our country ahead in the field of Technology in every way.

How an Internet of Things (IoT ) System Actually Works


Internet of things manufacturing
Internet of things manufacturing

A complete Internet of Things (IoT ) system works by integrating four different components.These components are sensors or devices, connectivity, data processing, and user interfaces. First, sensors or devices collect data from their environments. After which that data is sent to the cloud (Internet-based process). At the present, the sensor sends its data to the cloud through things like Cellular, Satellite, WiFi, Bluetooth. Once the data goes to the cloud, the software does some sort of processing on it.  After which information is sent to you.

For example, if the temperature of a company's cold storage space rises completely, the information of this temperature will be sent to the cloud through the sensor. After that it is seen in processing how much the temperature. At the present, if the temperature is found too high, then its information is then given to you through an E-mail or message. So that you can know that the temperature of that place has increased much more than the prescribed temperature and can fix it in time. In this way, the information of anything reaches you easily and in a short time through this technology.

Conclusion


Many types of equipment are being made in the world, which are proving to be very beneficial for us as well. With these tools, we are able to do our tasks easily. But at the present we are gradually becoming very dependent on Technology. Whose seeing it seems that in the coming time we are going to be completely slaves of these techniques. Which is not a good sign.  We are risking our lifestyles by becoming completely slaves of technology

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